Pust - od kod krofi - "Cilkine kroglice"?

Objavil/a Ana Kos, dne 2014-02-28 ob 17:47:57

Krof. Beseda, ki je kot otrok nisem poznala. Pri nas doma smo imeli bobe. Pravzaprav bi težko zapisala, kako se je beseda sklanjala - bab (a čisto kratek), boba (bvoba), bobu (bvobu), bab, pri bobu (bvobu), z bobam (bvobam) ... (Zdi se mi, da ima to besedo tudi Ivan Cankar v eni od črtic.) Pri nas so bili bobi brez marmelade, mama jih je ocvrla enkrat na leto, za pusta.
Prav tako je pri nas, v moji družini. Ocvrto testo imamo le za pusta, ponavadi so flancati, da je manj dela. Ker so krofi, flancati, miške nezdrava hrana, mi je tako prav, da so le za pusta.
Ampak že nekaj časa sem razmišljala, od kod so pravzaprav krofi, kako je nastala ta "pustna" tradicija, od kod ime ... Pa sem iskala in našla nekaj podatkov ...

Našla slikce naših domačih pustov!


Pusta praznujemo v času, ko se zima poslavlja, pomlad pa prihaja. Prehode med letnimi časi že od nekdaj navdaja skrivnostnost, ki jo spremljajo različne šege in običaji.
Na splošno je včasih veljalo, da mora biti hrana za pusta mastna in kalorična. Krofi so bili značilna pustna jed, danes pa jih v pekarnah pripravljajo skozi vse leto. Kljub temu jih v pustnem času Slovenci pojemo največ, najraje imamo klasične krofe z marmelado.
Krofi so bili sprva le praznična pustna jed iz kvašenega testa, ocvrti na maslu, svinjski masti ali olju. Danes so glavne sestavine kakovostna bela moka, potem pa jajca, sladkor, maščoba in rum (rum prepreči, da bi se vsrkalo preveč maščobe v testo).
Bistvo jedi na pusta je bilo v tem, da so se pred postom ljudje še enkrat dobro najedli, včasih je bilo tudi veliko porok prav na pustno soboto (držali so se tega, da v adventu in postu ni bilo porok). Pustu je sledilo dolgo obdobje posta, zaradi česar so si ljudje ob pustu privoščili mastno hrano, krofe in druge ocvrte jedi iz testa.
O izvoru krofov so podatki malo različni, vsekakor pa
Dunajčani prisegajo na to, da so krofi poimenovani po kuharici Ceciliji Krapf (Cäcilie Krapf), ki je okoli leta 1690 v svoji trgovinici ob vratih Peilertorpo izdelovala Cilli Kugeln (Cilkine kroglice) - v pustnem času jih je polnila z vloženim sadjem, pozneje pa so "kroglice" preimenovali v Krapfen (krapi).
Vsekakor so povezani z dunajsko dvorno kuhinjo iz prve polovice 19. stoletja, so pa današnji krofi precej drugačni. Takrat so bili krofi bistveno manjši in ocvrti na maslu, nadevani pa so bili z brusnično ali marelično marmelado.
Obstaja tudi zgodba, da je v daljni preteklosti nesrečno zaljubljena kuharica pripravljeno testo namesto v pečico pomotoma vrgla v vročo mast in tako iznašla krofe.
Etimološka razlaga začetek krofov postavlja v veliko starejši čas, omenjene so tudi možne flamske korenine. V stari visoki nemščini naj bi beseda krapfo pomenila kljuko, kavelj ali krempelj in je ponazarjala obliko ocvrtega testa. Prvi krofi so bili menda nepravilnih oblik z izrastki, ki so spominjali na kremplje (hmm, morda miške?).

Pri nas je posebno imeniten trojanski krof, ki je ponesel ime Trojan čez meje naše države.  Že čez 50 let ga delajo po skrivnem receptu kuharice Rajke.
Danes so trojanski krofi najbolj slavni slovenski krofi, zaščiteni z zlatim znakom slovenske kakovosti.
Slovenci imamo najraje polnjene z marelično marmelado, delajo pa jih tudi z borovničevo marmelado in vaniljevo kremo. Te z vanilijevo kremo oblijejo s čokolado in posujejo s kokosom. Največje povpraševanje je za pusta in med prvomajskimi prazniki, ko jih ocvrejo približno 20 tisoč na dan. Na "navadne" dni na Trojanah ocvrejo 5 in 10 tisoč krofov na dan.

Pa še en recept ... seveda ne od skrivnostnega trojanskega krofa (no, tisti vsebuje tudi malo ostre moke, ne le gladko, toliko se že izdajo kuharice), kar z interneta:
Sestavine za vzhajani kvasec:
- 200 g mleka
- 40 g kvasa
- 250 g moke
Mleko zmešajte s ščepcem sladkorja in kvasom, dodajte moko in pustite 20 minut.
Sestavine za testo:
- 100 g mleka
- 500 g moke
- 100 g masla
- 100 g sladkorja
- 200 g rumenjakov*
- sol
- vanilja
- limonina lupinica (tukaj ni omenjen rum)
* rumenjaki se tehtajo? hm?
Nadev: marelična marmelada
Priprava:
Mlačno mleko in raztopljeno maslo zmešajte s preostalimi sestavinami in skupaj z vzhajanim kvascem zgnetite v testo. Pustite vzhajati pri temperaturi 50° C približno 20 minut, pregnetite.
Oblikujte krofe, jih pustite vzhajati ter jih specite v vročem olju pri temperaturi okoli 160° C.
Pustite, da se odcedijo, zatem jih napolnite z marmelado.
Posebno dobrim kuharicam uspe tudi "krancelj", obroček ... Vam je?

Dober tek!

Viri:
Finance.si
Trojanski krof
Pustni krofi - tudi recept

profileimage
Všeč mi je
4
Komentarji
16
Ana Kos
0
Feb 17, 2015
Takole je pa s krofi! :)
#16
Ana Kos
0
Mar 04, 2014
Anka! :)
#15
Anka Klemenčič
0
Mar 04, 2014
tazga mam tudi jaz
#14
Ana Kos
0
Mar 04, 2014
Dodajam še en recept mišk, je res enostaven - ravnokar preizkušen:
Sestavine:
1 ščepec soli
1 jedilna žlica sladkorja
1 jajce
1 jedilna žlica ruma
sladkor v prahu za posip
1/2 pecilnega praška
1 lončkek navadnega jogurta
2 jogurtova lončka moke
olje za cvretje
Vse sestavine zmešamo z mešalnikom in pustimo počivati nekaj časa. Olje segrejemo v primerni posodi, vanj omočimo malo žličko in z njo zajamemo testo ter ga damo v olje. Miške se, ko so pečene obrnejo same. Pečene vzamemo ven, damo na cedilo, da se iz njih izcedi olje. Odcejene in ohlajene damo v posodo, posujemo s sladkorjem v prahu in ponudimo.

Recept od tu: https://www.facebook.com/notes/kuhanje-za-vse-starosti/jogurtove-miške/429706887161397
#13
Ana Kos
0
Mar 02, 2014
Roža! :)
#12
Roža Karan (Astrologinja)
0
Mar 02, 2014
Hvala za izvrsten opis o dobrotah, ki jih cenimo
#11
Ana Kos
1
Mar 01, 2014
Anka, super, najlepša hvala!
Ker namreč, jaz ponavadi ne znam nobenega recepta tako, da bi človek natančno vedel, kako in kaj.
Sama samo dam to pa to pa to pa to ... in je, kar je :)
Zadnjič, v tem tednu, sem naredila miške za otroke pri verouku, pa mi je en fantek rekel, če povem recept za mamico ... in sem seveda spet rekla, da ga nimam :) Ampak tako super se mi ej zdelo, da je en prvošolček pomislil na svojo mamico, ki zbira recepte! :-)
#10
Anka Klemenčič
0
Mar 01, 2014
Če dovoliš, prilagam recept za krofe po sestri Nikolini:
80 dag moke
žlička soli
3 žlice ruma
limonino ali pomarančno lupino
4 dag kvasa
3 jajca
2 žlici sladkorja
vanilin
3 žlice kisle smetane
2,5 dag masla
3 dl mleka
#9
Ana Kos
0
Mar 01, 2014
Anka, res zanimivo, kaj vse se da! Iznajdljiv človek toliko stvari spravi skupaj, da je prav zanimivo, kaj vse lahko nastane!
Včasih se čutimo ohromljeni, ko česa nimamo, a vendar je res, da so vedno kakšne poti ... pač drugačne, kot smo jih pričakovali, načrtovali ...

Kajne* :-)
#8
Anka Klemenčič
0
Mar 01, 2014
sodelavka je sok uporabila namesto jajc, ki jih hčerka ne sme zaradi alergije
#7
Ana Kos
0
Mar 01, 2014
enžleht, kuharsko sem jaz itak še v osnovni šoli! tako da doktorata ne bom prišla :P
#6
enžleht
0
Mar 01, 2014
Tudi iz krofov se da narediti doktorat . . . no, vsaj magisterij,
da si potem za najvišje funkcije kandidat!
#5
Ana Kos
1
Feb 28, 2014
Dušan, o, hvala! :)
Meni posebej v mašlkare ni potrebno iti, sem dobra že tako :P
Mojemu rojstnemu domu se reče Pust vrh ... Hmmm, morda ima pa ime kaj zveze s pustom? :D
Vse življenej se (lahko) učimo! :)
#4
Ana Kos
0
Feb 28, 2014
Anka, meni bi se pa zdelo škoda pomarančnega soka za v krofe - škoda uničevat sok, ki je surov tako dober! :-) Je pa res vse sorta mogoče.
Ko moja hči ni smela uživati živalske hrane, smo presenečeni ugotovili, da lahko naredimo prav res dobre palačinke samo iz moke in vode!
#3
Dušan Mirić
0
Feb 28, 2014
Lepo Ana,spet kamenček več v mozaik,ki se počasi sestavlja.Lepo pustuj-te!
#2
Anka Klemenčič
0
Feb 28, 2014
moja sodelavka pravi da jih namesto z jajci dela s pomarančnim sokom in da so odlični...nisem še probala, ne pečt, ne jest
#1
Ana Kos
Ana Kos
Objavil/a 2014-02-28 17:47:57 (Feb 28, 2014)
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