Pridelovanje medu v družinskem podjetju

Objavil/a Meda Polna Skleda, dne 2018-12-25 ob 16:48:44

Družina je bistven dejavnik družinskega podjetništva, je zmagovalen superorganizem, ki deluje v dobro vseh članov družine. Čebelja družina deluje horizontalno in vertikalno družinsko na vseh ravneh, skupno kot družina in posamično kot en družinski član. V organiziranosti ljudi bi jo morda lahko pogojno primerjali z zadružništvom, ali na nivoju človeške rodbine v daljni preteklosti.

Rezultat iskanja slik za družinsko podjetništvo slike 

Če vzamemo, da čebele razmišljajo, potem to naredijo kot množica, ki razmišlja kot eden. Znajo uporabljati znakovni jezik in so zato poleg človeka ene redkih živali, ki se sporazumevajo s pomočjo simbolov, s plesom npr. znajo povsem natančno razložiti čebelam v panju, kje so našle hrano. Čebelarji si ne domišljamo, da povsem razumemo vse njihove simbole in se sprijaznimo, da jih lahko predvsem občudujemo, jih opisujemo v prispodobah in hvaležno opazujemo ta zapletena, čudovita bitja in njihovo do skrajnosti organizirano skupnost.

Rezultat iskanja slik za čebele na paši slike

Marljive čebele imajo super organizirano družinsko podjetništvo v pridelovanju čebeljih pridelkov in svoje bogastvo dobesedno prinašajo vkup po kapljicah. Do zimskega počitka so vpete v delo vse generacije čebel, od zimskih čebel, ki so bile izležene na prejšnjo jesen in živijo dolge zimske mesece, do prvih pomladih, ki žive le nekaj dni, do dolgoživih pomladnih in poletnih, ki žive nekaj tednov, do nove generacije zimskih čebel, ki bodo preživele zimo in zadnjih jesenskih, ki bodo spet živele le nekaj dni – vse delajo posredno ali neposredno za medene zaloge v čebeljem bivališču.

Čebelja družina je velika za človeško mero, saj je v enem bivališču skupaj približno 15 – 60.000 tisoč čebeljih članov. Matica zalega jajčeca, iz katerih se izlegajo čebele delavke in troti. Čebele delavke v prvih dneh čistijo satje in panj in krmijo mlade ličinke z matičnim mlečkom. Vse izležene čebele delavke preživijo prve tri tedne v temi panja in opravljajo hišna dela. Ko so stare približno deset dni, začno aktivno sodelovati pri pridelavi medu.

V resnici čebele pridelajo med, zunaj panja, tam dobijo surovino zanj, medičino. Sladek medičinski sok se v drobnih kapljicah izloča v medovnikih žužkocvetnih rastlin, čebele ga posrkajo v svoje medne golše, kjer se razgradijo sladkorji. V panju izbljuvajo predelano vsebino golše in jo ventilirajo, tako da s krili ustvarjajo zračni tok, da pospešijo izhlapevanje vode. Za pol kilograma medu iz bele detelje, po kateri radi hodimo ljudje, morajo čebele obiskati skoraj 9 milijonov cvetkov.

Rezultat iskanja slik za čebele na paši slike

Medičino prinašajo v panj čebele, ki so starejše od treh tednov. Pašna čebela prinese v panj že delno predelano medičino v svojem mednem želodčku in jo preda eni ali dvema mladima čebelama delavkama v panju. Mlade čebele medičino izsrkajo iz ust pašne čebele in jo z encimi nato predelujejo v svojih ustih nekaj minut do pol ure. Gostenje medu poteka tako, da čebele večkrat izbljuvajo kapljico medičine, da se suši na zraku in jo nato spet pogoltnejo, obenem pa vanjo dodajajo številne encime, encimi postopoma razgradijo sestavljene sladkorje v medičini na enostavne sladkorje in zato postane medičina lahko prebavljiva. Včasih že s to medičino hranijo ličinke in druge čebele, večinoma pa gre medičina v postopek nadaljnje predelave v med.

Med predelavo medičine v med si jo čebele večkrat izmenjujejo in prenašajo iz enega sata v drugega, iz ene celice v drugo. To opravijo tako, da medičino nekje znova posrkajo in jo nato drugje izbljuvajo, ji vedno znova dodajajo izločke žlez, med tem pa jo z ventiliranjem s krili sušijo v satnih celicah. Postopoma postaja tekoči sirup bolj gost in vedno bolj podoben končnemu izdelku, medu in varen pred bakterijskimi okužbami.

Tako predelano medičino, ki ji zdaj že lahko rečemo med, čebele shranijo v celicah satja. Tu se potem nadaljuje zorenje medu. Do vrha napolnjene celice satja čebele pokrijejo z voščenimi pokrovci. Primeren čas za točenje medu iz satov je, ko so ti do 2/3 pokriti s takimi pokrovci.

Z iskanjem pašnih virov se ubadajo le nekatere izkušene pašne čebele skavtke, svoje delo pa opravljajo pač z letanjem od cveta do cveta in prepoznavajo kemične signale, s katerimi se ponujajo rastline v opraševanje in signale, ki jih tam puščajo druge čebele, recimo: ta cvetna čaša je danes že prazna …

Rezultat iskanja slik za družinsko podjetništvo slike

Medičina je povsem naraven vir, ki ga morajo čebele v teku proizvodnje šele predelati v med, saj vsebuje do 80 % vode in v preostalem trdnejšem delu sestavljene sladkorje. Čebele imajo za srkanje medičine iz cveta prav za ta namen zelo dolg jeziček kot cevčica. Imajo dva želodčka, ločena z zaporo, v mednem želodčku prenašajo nasrkano medičino od cveta v panj. Čebela mora obiskati 100 do 1.500 cvetov, da bi napolnila medni želodček in vsebina polnega tehta 70 mg, skoraj toliko kot čebela sama.

V času glavne paše izleti čebela iz panja 7 – 17-krat na dan, pri čemer za vsak polet porabi približno pol ure, odvisno od razdalje do paše. Na vsakem od svojih poletov v medenem želodčku prinese 50-70 mg medičine, za pridelavo 1 kg medu pa je potrebnih 3 – 4 kg medičine. Za 1 sat zrelega pokritega medu čebele potrebujejo veliko prostora v panju, prenašajo ga kar med 2 – 3 sati, da se medičina sploh more zgostiti in dozoreti.

Rezultat iskanja slik za satje z medom slike

Tako nekako poteka družinsko podjetništvo pri čebelah.

In kaj med vsem tem časom počne čebelar ali čebelarka? Potrpežljivo čaka in da čebelam mir.

profileimage
Všeč mi je
2
Komentarji
0
Ni komentarjev
Meda Polna Skleda
Meda Polna Skleda
Objavil/a 2018-12-25 16:48:44 (Dec 25, 2018)
Starejša objava Novejša objava
KATEGORIJE OBJAVE
ZADNJE OBJAVE
ZIMSKA RAZMIŠLJANJA
ZA VSAKO BOLEZEN ROŽCA RASE - KAS-81
MEDVED in BUČELE
ZA BUČELE, ZA ČEBELE
MASTI STE VREDNI LESKOVE ...
DZIERZONOVO DIAMANTNO PRAVILO
SUPER JAGODA ali INVAZIVKA
PREUSSOVA METODA
FREJ KOT PTIČEK NA VEJ' JE ČEBELAR POZIMI
POGUM IN TIMOL = TIMIJAN
ZADNJI KOMENTARJI
KATEGORIJE
med
(17)
ajda
(3)
ČZS
(2)
trot
(1)
tat
(1)
hoja
(1)
tpč
(1)
voda
(1)
delo
(1)
MOL
(1)
dren
(1)
Vrt
(1)
IŠČI PO ARHIVU
Januar 2020
PTSČPSN
12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031

Oglasi

3017.) iskanje

Kategorija: Leposlovje

Cena: 8.99 €

hager werken embalming powder +27640518120 (pink and white) compound/fluids for sale in south africa hager werken embalming compounds, pink and white powder are general items from germany. embalming is the art and science of preserving human remains by treating them in its modern form with chemicals to forestall decomposition. the intention is to keep them suitable for public display at a funeral,for religious reasons, or for medical and scientific purposes such as their use as anatomical specimens. embalming compound in powder form both pink and white radio active and (hot and not hot) its all available. at preferably adorable prices starting from one kilogram upwards ,we are looking for a good buyer. typically embalming compound (fluid) contains a mixture of formaldehyde, methanol, and other solvents. the formaldehyde content generally ranges from 50 to 97 percent and the methanol content may range from 9 to 89 percent.the types of embalming powder depends on the purity and colour. purity:98% ,100% hot compound origin:germany brand. hager werken purity on colour. pink 98% white 100% distributor dentist / dental technician.  hager & werken products are sold through the dental trade worldwide.  we are leading suppliers of germany made embalming compound to clients in south africa and other african states. . contact: +27640518120 or watsup.

Kategorija: Antikvariat in Antikvitete

Cena: 100 €

@europe universal ssd chemical solution+27660432483 in uk,norway,egypt, turkey, libya, thailand, belgium, spain, netherlands, brazil, switzerland we have ssd automatic chemical solution for cleaning black money and any color of defaced currency available in our laboratories worldwide. our ssd automatic solution is also used in the cleaning of bank notes with anti-breeze quality, bills like usd, euros, pounds and other local currencies. we are direct manufacturer and the main supplier of chemicals that includes ssd solution, super automatic solution. we have different types of chemicals that can perfectly clean out your notes, black notes, red notes, green notes, stained notes, stamped notes and also coded notes. we also melt frozen chemicals in our laboratory and our services are professional. we therefore provide legal document for all our products. contact us for more information: 

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

@universal suppliers of ssd chemical solution +27660432483 in south africa, protea glen , chiawelo , protea north , mthatha nelspruit newcastle pietermaritzburg pinetown polokwane port elizabeth potchefstroom pretoria randburg roodepoort rustenburg sebokeng soshanguve e, harare, namibia, windhoek, botswana to purchase best ssd solution clean black notes dollars we also? sale chemicals like ssd automatic solution form cleaning black dollars currencies. i hereby use this media to inform you, that our company can clean out black deface currency, (stained money) bank notes, we have all kinds of chemicals used for cleaning of black money or stained money in currencies such as u.s dollar, euro, pound, and all local currencies, even if your defaced note is 20 years old, we sale chemicals like tourmaline, s.s.d. chemical / solution , castro x oxide, a4. and many like activation powder & ssd solution for cleaning black money chemical and allied product incorporated is a major manufacturer of industrial and pharmaceutical products with key specialization in the production of s.s.d automatic solution used in the cleaning of black money,defaced money and stained bank notes with anti breeze 

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

$$100% universal chemical ssd solution & activation powder +27660432483 in south africa,uk,johannesburg,witbank,soweto,cape town,burgersfort,eastern cape,vanderbijlpark,polokwane, thohoyandou, phalaborwa,mokopane, bochum, lebowakgomo, mankweng, seshego, dendron, giyani, lephalale, musina,alexandra johannesburg lenasia midrand randburg,roodepoort, sandton, alberton, germiston, benoni,boksburg,rakpan,daveyton,duduza,edenvale ,germiston impumelelo, isando katlehong kempton park, kwathema, nigel reiger park springs, tembisa, thokoza,tsakane, vosloorus wattville atteridgaeville centurion hammanskraal ,we only deals on high quality s. s. d. chemicals solution for cleaning black money we are manufacturer and seller of all sort of chemicals like super automatic ssd solution z. w. v. 8 model activation powder and reactivation powder, anti air powder, mercury powder, automated money developer machines congeal chemical melting equipments,

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

free state ssd chemical solution suppliers for cleaning black money +27660432483 in lenasia , lawley , protea glen , chiawelo , protea north , zakariyya park , eldorado park a/h , orlando , ennerdale , mid-ennerdale , zondi , zola , soweto , pimville , orlando west , nancefield , naledi , mohlakeng , dobsonville , bram fischerville , diepkloof , kagiso , rangeview , homes haven , boltonia , lewisham , mindalore , west village , luipaardsvlei , silverfields , breaunanda , greenhills , randgate , finsbury , eikepark , carletonville , oberholzer , protea south , wolfelea ah , magaliesburg , eldorado estate , tladi , klipspruit west , meadowlands , thulani , devland , mofolo north , jabulani , dhlamini , molapo , phiri , doornkloof bellville benoni bloemfontein boksburg cape town centurion durban east london empangeni george germiston ibhayi johannesburg katlehong kempton park khayelitsha kimberley klerksdorp mamelodi mitchells plain mthatha nelspruit newcastle pietermaritzburg pinetown polokwane port elizabeth potchefstroom pretoria randburg roodepoort rustenburg sebokeng soshanguve soweto springbok stellenbosch tembisa thohoyandou umlazi upington vanderbijlpark vereeniging welkom witbank eastern cape free state gauteng kwazulu-natal limpopo mpumalanga zambia, zimbabwe in johannesburg, london, england, uk, usa, california, south africa, cape town, pretoria, zambia, lusaka, zimbabwe, harare, namibia, windhoek, botswana call +27660432483 to purchase best ssd solution clean black notes dollars we also? sale chemicals like ssd automatic solution form cleaning black dollars currencies.

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

@switz land & denmark ssd chemical/activation powder +27660432483 in uk,usa,sweden,germany,kuwait, nelspruit newcastle pietermaritzburg pinetown polokwane port elizabeth potchefstroom pretoria randburg roodepoort rustenburg sebokeng soshanguve e, harare, namibia, windhoek, botswana to purchase best ssd solution clean black notes dollars we also? sale chemicals like ssd automatic solution form cleaning black dollars currencies. i hereby use this media to inform you, that our company can clean out black deface currency, (stained money) bank notes, we have all kinds of chemicals used for cleaning of black money or stained money in currencies such as u.s dollar, euro, pound, and all local currencies, even if your defaced note is 20 years old, we sale chemicals like tourmaline, s.s.d. chemical / solution , castro x oxide, a4. and many like activation powder & ssd solution for cleaning black money chemical and allied product incorporated is a major manufacturer of industrial and pharmaceutical products with key specialization in the production of s.s.d automatic solution used in the cleaning of black money,defaced money and stained bank notes with anti breeze 

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

@cape town ssd chemical solution +27660432483 in uk,kuwait,     bellville benoni bloemfontein our vision to be the leading premier super automatic ssd solution, anti-breeze bank notes in bellville benoni bloemfontein boksburg cape town ....call or whatsapp +27660432483 knocks at our door step is uniquely   positioned to consistently provide high-value solutions and world-changing   chemicals and services to our clients.we are specialized in chemistry for anti-breeze   bank notes. we also do chemicals melting and recovering of all type of bad   money from black to white as you can see below.   anti-freezing preparations and prepared de-icing   fluids, ssd solution. victrola paste, tebi-manetic solution, defaced currency,   cleaning chemical

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

@ssd chemical solution/activation powder in south africa +27660432483 in bellville benoni bloemfontein our vision to be the leading premier super automatic ssd solution, anti-breeze bank notes in bellville benoni bloemfontein boksburg cape town ....call or whatsapp +27660432483 knocks at our door step is uniquely   positioned to consistently provide high-value solutions and world-changing   chemicals and services to our clients.       we are specialized in chemistry for anti-breeze   bank notes. we also do chemicals melting and recovering of all type of bad   money from black to white as you can see below.       anti-freezing preparations and prepared de-icing   fluids, ssd solution. vectrol paste, tebi-manetic solution, defaced currency,   cleaning chemical. darkened currency, black coated notes, cleaning black money

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

@limpopo suppliers of ssd chemical/activation powder+27660432483 in south africa   malaysia, johannesburg,lebanon, zambia,usa,kenya, california,    dallas,england,german,spain, jamaica,st,lucia, brasil,austria,vancouver, denmark,hong kong,    china,,pretoria, durban, australia, wales, france,cairo,china, norway,, botswana,    namibia,tanzania,northern cape,new york,limpopo sweden, kenya, denmark, rwanda,    oman,qatar,dubai,poland,lesotho,canada, united kingdom,we are specialized in chemistry for anti-breeze   bank notes. we also do chemicals melting and recovering of all type of bad   money from black to white as you can see below.contact us on +27660432483

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

  @mpumalanga best ssd chemical solution suppliers +27660432483 in south africa, protea glen, mpumalanga, secund, witbank, soweto bellville benoni bloemfontein boksburg cape town centurion durban east londongeorge germiston ibhayi johannesburg katlehong kempton park nhayelitsch polet neve kempton park randburg roodepoort rustenburg sebokeng soshanguve soweto springbok stellenbosch tembisa vanderbijlpark vereeniging welcome witbank eastern cape free state gauteng kwazulu-natal limpopo mpumalanga zambia, zimbabwe in johannesburg, london, england, uk, usa, california, south africa, cape town, pretoria, zambia, lusaka , zimbabwe, harare, namibia, windhoek,botswana call +27660432483 to purchase best ssd solution clean black notes dollars we also? sale chemicals like ssd automatic solution form cleaning black dollars currencies. i hereby use this media to inform you, that our company can clean out black deface currency, (stained money) bank notes, we have all kinds of chemicals used for cleaning of black money or stained money in currencies such as u.s dollar, euro, pound, and all local currencies, even if your defaced note is 25 years old, we sale chemicals like tourmaline, s.s.d. chemical / solution , castro x oxide, a4. and many like activation powder & ssd solution for cleaning black money chemical and allied product incorporated is a major manufacturer of industrial and pharmaceutical products with key specialization in the production of s.s.d automatic solution used in the cleaning of black money,defaced money and stained bank notes with anti breeze quality.others for damaged notes, bills like usd,euro, pounds, transferring

Kategorija: Storitve

Cena: 200 €

59.) aspirin za tomaža

Kategorija: Mladinska literatura

Cena: 8.99 €

Prikaži več
Zapri predvajalnik
Prikaži seznam predvajanja
Prestavi predvajalnik
Povečaj